What is engineering about?
Engineering obviously derives from the word engine, from Latin ingenium, meaning resourcefulness and gignere, meaning `to devise´). In Middle English the term ingineer denoted a designer and constructor of fortifications and weapons.
What does engineering encompass?
The term engineering is used worldwide in a very broad sense of either invention, design, construction or maintenance. In our technical context, it refers to a range of more specialised fields of engineering, mainly dealing with (the improvement of) structures, machines, devices, systems, materials and processes. Find out more.
The industrial revolution
The single main driving force in the beginning of the industrial revolution – the steam machine - itself embodied a masterpiece of engineering wit. Scientific, economic, social and practical knowledge were applied in order to improve materials and processes and to design and build machines. The era of the (first) industrial revolution called out for `engine'ers´, ie men who knew their way around machines.
Diverse sectors of engineering
In the 20th Century, the classic technical studies in architectural, civil and mechanical engineering were joined by new disciplines, such as chemical technology, electrical, material science and avionics. In recent decades, cross-over disciplines have been added to the list, such as industrial design, computer sciences, technical business management or medical engineering.